Published Books

  • Crockett, Norman. The Black Towns. Lawrence: Regents Press of Kansas, 1979.
  • Dodson, Howard and Sylviana A. Diouf, eds. In Motion: The African American Migration Experience. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2004.
  • Franklin, Jimmy Lewis. Journey toward Hope: A History of Blacks in Oklahoma. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982.
  • Hamilton, Kenneth Marvin. Black Towns and Profit: Promotion and Development in the Trans-Appalachian West, 1877-1915. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
  • Johnson, Hannibal. Acres of Aspiration: The All-Black Towns of Oklahoma. New York: Eakin, 2003.
  • Landers, Jane. Black Society in Spanish Florida. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999.
  • Leaders and Leading Men of the Indian Territory: Choctaws and Chickasaws, Volume I. Chicago: American Publishers’ Association, 1891.
  • Lemann, Nicholas. The Promised Land: The Great Black Migration and How it Changed America. New York: Vintage Books Edition, 1992.
  • Meier, August. Negro Thought in America, 1880-1915: Racial Ideologies in the Age of Booker T. Washington. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1969.
  • Odell, Larry. Oklahoma’s All-Black Towns. Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 2000.
  • Painter, Nell Irvin. Exodusters: Black Migration to Kansas after Reconstruction. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1976.
  • Rabinowitz, Howard. Race Relations in the Urban South, 1865-1890. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
  • Rooney, Charles J. Dreams and Visions : A Study of American Utopias, 1865-1917. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1985.
  • Tatum, Beverly Daniel. “Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?” And Other Conversations about Race. New York: Basic Books, 1997.
  • Wicket, Murray R. Contested Territory: Whites, Native Americans and African American in Oklahoma, 1865-1907. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2000.