Scholarly Articles

  • Bogle, Lori. “On Our Way to the Promised Land: Black Migration from Arkansas to Oklahoma, 1889-1893.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 72, no. 2 (1994): 160-77.
  • Crockett, Norman L. “Witness to History: Booker T. Washington Visits Boley.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 67, no. 4 (1989): 382-91.
  • Dann, Martin. “From Sodom to the Promised Land: E.P. McCabe and the Movement for Oklahoma Colonization.” Kansas Historical Quarterly 40, no. 3 (1974): 370-78.
  • Hill, Mozell. “A Comparative Analysis of the Social Organization of the All-Negro Society in Oklahoma.” Social Forces 25, no. 1 (October, 1946): 70-77.
  • —–. “A Comparative Study of Race Attitudes in the All-Negro Community in Oklahoma.” Phylon (1940-1956) 7, no. 3 (3rd Quarter, 1946): 260-68.
  • —–. “The all-Negro Communities of Oklahoma: The Natural History of a Social Movement.” Journal of Negro History 31, no. 3 (July, 1946): 254-68.
  • —–. “Basic Racial Attitudes toward Whites in the Oklahoma All-Negro Community.” The American Journal of Sociology 49, no. 6 (May, 1944), 519-23.
  • —– and Albert Whiting. “Some Theoretical and Methodological Problems in Community Studies.” Social Forces 29, no. 2 (December, 1950): 117-24.
  • —– and Bevode McCall. “Social Stratification in ‘Georgia Town’.” American Sociological Review 15, no. 6 (December, 1950): 721-29.
  • —– and Thelma Ackiss. “Culture of a Contemporary All-Negro Community: Langston, Oklahoma.” Langston University Bulletin (July, 1943): 41.
  • —– and —–. “Social Classes: A Frame of Reference for the Study of Negro Society.” Social Forces 22, no. 1 (October, 1943): 92-98.
  • Humphrey, Charles A. “Educational and Social Need in Small All-Black Towns.” Journal of Negro Education 47, no. 3 (1978): 244-55.
  • Lieberson, Stanley and Donna K. Carter. “A Model for Inferring the Voluntary and Involuntary Causes of Residential Segregation.” Demography 19 (November, 1982): 511-26.
  • Littlefield, Daniel F. Jr. and Lonnie E. Underhill. “Black Dreams and Free Homes: The Oklahoma Territory, 1891-1894.” Phylon (1960- ) 34, no. 4 (1973): 342
  • Minerbrook, Scott. “The Forgotten Pioneers: New Scholarship Reveals the Major Role Blacks Played on the Frontier.” U.S. News and World Report 117 (August 8, 1994): 53-55.
  • Pease, William and Jane Pease. “Organized Negro Communities: A North American Experiment.” Journal of Negro History, 47, no. 1 (1962): 19-34
  • Roberson, Jere W. “Edward P. McCabe and the Langston Experiment.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 51, no. 3 (1973): 343-55.
  • Tolnay, Stewart A. and E.M. Beck. “Black Flight: Lethal Violence and the Great Migration, 1900-1930.” Social Science History 14, no. 3 (Autumn, 1990): 347-70.
  • —–. “Racial Violence and Black Migration in the American South, 1910 to 1930.” American Sociological Review 57, no. 1 (February, 1992): 103-16.
  • Wickett, Murray R. “The Fear of ‘Negro Domination': The Rise of Segregation and Disfranchisement in Oklahoma.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 78, no. 1 (2000): 44-65.
  • Williams, Nudie. “The Black Press in Oklahoma: The Formative Years, 1889-1907.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 61, no. 3 (1983): 310.